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Gardening Terms Glossary
"T" Gardening Terms
Here are some of the common and not so common terms you will hear or read about when dealing with gardening.
tamping: Firming loosened soil using a flat metal tamper, piece of wood or a special machine made to tamp the soil.
Tangle foot: A sticky substance applied around the trunks of a tree to capture insects that want to climb the tree. Wrap the trunk with a round of tree wrap and place the tanglefoot onto it.
taproot: A single decending root of certain plants, like a carrot. Taprooted plants are harder to transplant.
tender plant: A plant that cannot withstand winter temperature.
tendril: A spiraling growth that coils around anything it can grab to help support the plant as it climbs.
tepal: Petal or sepal, where there is no distinct difference between the two.
terminal: Growing at the end of a stem or branch.
terrarium: An enclosed glass container for growing plants.
tetraploid: A plant that has twice the number of chromosomes, resulting in larger, thicker flowers. Often, there will be more blooms.
thatch: Accumuulation of dead and dying grass, leaves, roots that lay below the top of the grass but above the soil layer.
thinning: Removal of some plants to help avoid crowded conditions. Pruning out branches and stems on a tree, shrub or perennial to improve its shape, growth and air circulation.
throat: The opening of a tubular flower.
tip layering: Placing the tip of a branch that is still attached into the soil and holding it down until it forms a root system.
top dressing: Placing mulch, fertilizer or compost onto the surface of the ground and not working it in.
topping: Severe cutting of the tops of trees without regard to shape.
topsoil: Fertile soil in the upper levels of the ground can be as little as half an inch or as much as a couple of feet.
transpiration: Water loss by evaporation from leaves and stems.
transplant: Moving a plant from one growing area to another.
transplant shock: The stage a plant may go through when transplanted. The plant may look "ill" while it adjusts to it's new location.
tree: A woody perennial plant usually having a single trunk and at least ten feet tall at maturity.
tree guard: A device placed around the trunk of a tree to prevent damage from animals, people and lawnmowers.
trellis: An open framework typically of lattice used to support climbing plants.
tropical plant:A plant that is native to the area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
tuber: A round, food-storing, underground mass of stem tissue. Flowers are developed within the tuber. Examples: Anemone, Cyclamen, Dahlia.
tuberous root: The food-storing portion of roots.
This list is by no means a complete collection of horticultural techniques and terms.
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