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Gardening Terms Glossary
"R" Gardening Terms
Here are some of the common and not so common terms you will hear or read about when dealing with gardening.
raceme: Stalked flowers borne singly along a central axis.
radicle: The main root of a seed; it is the direct continuation of the embryonic stem.
rebloom: A second bloom phase that usually produces smaller flowers in less number that the initial bloom period. Deadheading helps induce reblooming in some plants.
red tide: A bloom of algae in which the cells become so numerous that they give the water a reddish tint.
recurved: Curved downward or backwards.
reflexed: Sharply curved downward or backwards.
reforestation: Tree planting or seeding to replace a forest that has been destroyed.
reseed: To drop fertile seeds that will produce seedlings.
resistant: Tolerant of adverse conditions, ***this doesn't mean totally immune, just that a plant is less likely to get a disease or insect infestation.
reticulate venation: A netlike pattern of veins in a leaf.
reversion: When a plant returns to what is thought to be its' original and natural characteristics.
rhizome: Underground rootlike system that sends up leafy shoots from the top and sends roots down from the bottom. Examples are bamboo and iris.
rhythm: Repetition of elements in a landscape.
rib: The prominent vein of a leaf.
rock garden: A garden that emphasises the use of stones as a main element.
root: the Parts of a plant that extract water, gases and nutrients from the soil.
root ball: The round mass of soil which surrounds the roots of a plant.
root bound: When the plants roots have filled an area where they are contained, and can no longer function to their capacity.
root gall: Abnormal swelling on the roots of a plant, often caused by a disease or insect.
root hardy: Plants that can survive the winter although the parts above the ground die back for winter.
root spread: The horizontal spread of the roots of a plant, typically goes out as far as the top spreads out and sometimes further!
rooting hormone: A powder applied to cuttings to encourage root growth.
rosette: A crown of leaves radiating from from approximately the same point at or very near ground level.
runner: A long stem that creeps along the ground putting out little roots every so often and creating new plants at those points.
rust: A reddish brown discoloration on plants and lawns.
This list is by no means a complete collection of horticultural techniques and terms.
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