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Gardening Terms Glossary
"F" Gardening Terms
Here are some of the common and not so common terms you will hear or read about when dealing with gardening.
F1 hybrid: The first generation derived from crossing two different plants. The seeds from the F1 plant are not likely to produce plants exactly like the plant they came from. A blue flowering F1 hybrid might produce seeds that produce plants that flower in white or pink or some other color. p
fairy ring: Certain fungi will present itself by forming rings on the ground.
fallow: Uncultivated land.
family: A botanical divsion in the plant kingdom. Contains one or more gernera.
feeder roots: The hair-like roots through which plants get water and nutrients.
fern: Flowerless plant that reproduces by spores, not seeds.
fertilizer: Natural and artificial substance added to the soil to supply nutrients to the plant.
fertilizer burn: Too much fertilizer and/or putting granular fertilizers on the foliage of plants can cause browning and even death to the plants.
fibrous root system: A root sytem composed of many fine roots and typically a few lateral roots.
field capacity: The amount of water held by a soil after drainage due to gravity has been completed.
field grown stock: Plants and trees that are grown in a field rather than in containers.
filament: The anther bearing stalk of a stamen.
filler: An inert material added to fertilizers to make them easier to spread and give them bulk.
filler tree/shrub: A fast growing tree or shrub that is used temporarily to fill in an area while the permanent plants grow to a desired size.
fire blight: Disease that attacks apple trees, pears, hawthorns and other related plants. It causes twigs to die back.
flat: One of the first gardening terms people learn. It is the shallow multi-compartment containers that plants are sold in. A flat may also be used for starting seeds in.
floribunda: Means many flowered, as in a shrub rose.
floriferous: A plant that flowers a lot. A floriferous plant may produce a large amount of flowers one year and then not so many the following year!
flower: The reproductive organ of seed producing plants.
flowering on new wood: Plants which produce blooms on the current years growth. Since growth takes a little time these are usually summer and fall blooming plants. Trim these type plants in winter or early spring before growth is started.
flowering on old wood: Plants that produce blooms on last years growth. Typically spring bloomers. Trim in late spring after flowers are finished. Trimming in late summer of the fall will decrease or eliminate next years blooms!
flush: The growth that is produced during a short period of time. This gardening terms can mean a rapid growth of flowers or plant foliage.
foliage plant: Plants grown because their foliage is colorful or unique not because the flowers are pretty!
foliage feeding: Fertilizing a plant with liquids placed onto the foliage and stems of the plant rather than into the soil.
force: To make a plant grow and/or bloom out of its typical season.
formal garden: Symmetrically designed garden.
foundation planting: Plants placed at the base of a house or building.
freestone: Peaches, plums or cherries where the seed (stone) does not adhere to the flesh of the fruit.
frond: The leaf of a fern or palm plant.
front setback: A zoning regulation stating how far back from the front of your property line a structure or planting should be.
frost cracks: Sudden drops in temperature can cause the bark on young trees to split.
frost date: The approximate date of the last killing frost of spring or the first killing frost of winter. One of the most important gardening terms for you to learn.
frost line: The lowest level which frost will reach into the soil.
frost seeding: Applying seed onto frozen or slightly snow covered ground. The thawing and freezing of the ground help work the seed into the soil. Seed will not begin the germination period until the soil temperature warms up.
fruit: The edible seeds from a plant.
fungicide: A chemical used to treat or prevent fungi from attacking plants.
This list is by no means a complete collection of horticultural techniques and terms.
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