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Gardening Terms Glossary
"D" Gardening Terms
Here are some of the common and not so common terms you will hear or read about when dealing with gardening.
damping off: When seedlings or cuttings decay at the base of the growth caused by fungus.
day-neutral plant: A plant that is induced to flower by factors other than night length.
dead-heading: Removal of spent flower heads to keep a plant from producing seeds and to encourage more flowering.
deciduous: A plant that drops its leaves at the end of the growing season. A good way to remember this one is the letter D starts both drop and deciduous.
determinate: One of the gardening terms used to describe a flower where the top flower opens before the others.
dethatch: Process of removing dead stems that build up beneath lawn grasses.
diatomaceous earth: Oceanic sediments formed by accumulation of the silica shells of diatoms (algae).
dibble, dib: A tool shaped like a carrot made from metal, wood or plastic that is used to poke a hole in the soil for planting.
die back: When the tips of branches die, can be caused by chemical or sun damage, lack of water, disease, insects or winter winds and snow.
division: A method of getting more plants from a cluster by splitting the plant into halves or quarters.
dioecious: Of two houses, a species of plant that has male flowers on one plant and female flowers on another. Holly is a good example.
dormant: A condition where the plant is not actively growing but will start growing again after a rest period.
dormant spray: A chemical used to help control insects and diseases. Typically applied in early spring before bud break and occassionally as soon as the leaves appear.
drift: A long shaped planting.
drip line: The circle which would exist if you drew a line below the tips of the outer most branches of a tree or plant.
dwarf plants: One of the most confusing gardening terms around. It means plants that have been altered to be smaller than their native species. This doesn't mean a plant is minature. A native tree might grow to 100' tall where the dwarf cultivar only gets 50' tall.
This list is by no means a complete collection of horticultural techniques and terms.
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