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Gardening Terms Glossary
"B" Gardening Terms
Here are some of the common and not so common terms you will hear or read about when dealing with gardening.
B horizon: The zone of deposition, which receives leached minerals from the A horizon above it.
backfill: The replacement of soil taken from a planting hole.
ball: The earth that surrounds the roots of a plant or tree during transplanting.
balled and burlap: Plants dug from the ground so that the soil surrounding the roots is undisturbed. It is then wrapped in burlap to keep the soil in place. Also seen as the abbreviation BB.
bare rooted: Plants sold with no soil around the roots. One of the gardening terms you'll want to know when buying plants from a catalog.
bark: The exterior tissue of a woody trunk or stem. it consists of dead material.
basal foliage: The leaves that grow from the base or crown of a plant.
bedding plants : Plants that are massed in flower beds to form a temporary display. One of the many gardening terms used to describe annual plants! Quick, colorful flowers.
beneficial insects : An insect that eats or destroys harmful garden insects.
biennial: Plants that grow for two years are considered to be biennial. The first year is when the plant grows and the second year is when the plant flowers or produces fruit. Some biennials, such as Hollyhock, re-seed themselves giving the impression they are perennials.
biotic: Refers to living things.
bisexual: A perfect flower, having both female and male reproductive organs.
bog garden: A garden composed of permanently moist (not wet) soil and moisture loving plants.
bolting: Vegetables which quickly go to flower rather than producing the food crop. Usually caused by late planting and too warm temperatures.
bone meal: Crushed or finely ground bones used as a fertilizer.
bonsai: The art of producing minature trees and drawf plants by pruning roots, pinching off growth buds and training branches and stems.
border: A continuous planting around the boundries of a lawn, house or garden bed.
botanical garden: A garden devoted to cultivating plants for scientific and educational purposes.
bract: A modified leaf. Pointsettias are composed of bright red bracts not flowers!
broadcast seeding: The act of scattering seeds, by the handful, across a large area. This process is typically used for seeding of lawns and wildflower gardens.
broadleaf evergreens: Plants that remain green throughout the year that have wide leaves.
bud: A shoot containing embryonic leaves or flowers.
bud break: When the shoot (bud) opens and the leaf or flower emerges.
bud scale: A small, specialized leaf, usually waxy, that protects an unopened bud.
bulb: A short reduced stem that consists of overlapping scales and sends out roots from the bottom. It also is a food storage facility for the plant.
bulbil: A small bulb produced above ground in the axil or flower head of the plant.
bulblet: A small bulb produced at the base of a mature bulb.
butterfly gardening: Designing a garden that will attract butterflies.
This list is by no means a complete collection of horticultural techniques and terms.
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